Calendar, UPSC off, Current The changes that the families of the sepoys saw around them and the threats they perceived were quickly transmitted to the sepoy lines. Answer Booklets, History A long history of revolts had made the soldiers somewhat mutinous and the discontent among sepoys had been brewing for quite some time now. De Facto IAS, Pankaj Singh - Admit Card, SSC PSC, Chhattisgarh Military and 6. please enter 10 PSC, Jammu - Exam Pattern and Syllabus, TNPSC - Military Causes Service Conditions The sepoys in the East India Company’s army had a number of grievances, which led to the Revolt of 1857. Eligibility, IES Though the sepoy uprising was put down, it was evident that the British neither understood nor cared for the Indian soldiers. One of the most important causes of the revolt of 1857 was the discontent among Sepoys. Your email address will not be published. The Hindus were asked to remove their caste marks from their foreheads and the Muslims were asked to trim their beards. Just before the Rebellion there were over 300,000 sepoys in the army, compared to about 50,000 British. to start IES Prep and Strategy, 8 Tips Card, GATE 3. Awadh was, in fact, called the nursery of the Bengal Army .These sepoys were enraged when Awadh, home of many sepoys, was a… Card, GATE Abuse and physical violence became common and thus the distance between sepoys and officers grew. RPSC / RAS, Jharkhand Affairs, Current The soldiers in the East India Company s army came from peasant families which were deeply affected by the governments policies. South India remained quiet and Punjab and Bengal were only marginally affected. Materials, IAS Toppers Also, the policies followed by Lord Dalhousie and Lord Canning greatly hurt the sentiments of the Indian military. The sever famines which devoured millions of people remained issues, that were never addressed. 2019, NEET Eligibility Exam Pattern, KPSC Not a shilling was spent from the British treasury on the defense of the India. Exam Pattern, JKPSC Course, Target - XII Engineers Career Group, Qaisar Hafiz - Affairs, Practice Optional by Venkata Mohan, Venkata Mohan - The military causes of Sepoy Mutiny primarily led to the outbreak of the 1857 revolt. - Exam Pattern & Syllabus, HPSC Preparation Tips, General As a result, the morale of the Indian sepoy was very low and they started distrusting their officers. 2018, RRB JE Prelims Result, UPSC Mains The religious sentiments of the sepoys were hurt in 1806 in the Madras presidency which led to the Vellore Mutiny in 1806. There was a rumour among the Sepoys in January 1857 that the greased cartridge … The kingdom of Awadh became an easy prey to subsidiary alliance in 1801 which ultimately resulted in its complete annexation in 1856… Caste privileges and customs within the Army were not merely tolerated but encouraged in the early years of the Company's rule. Economic Causes 2. – Civil Engineering Course by Engineers Career Group, GATE Exam Paper, IES the most difficult exams, Live Online. Sepoy Mutiny -- Revolt of 1857 - When People Rebel Video | 02:18 min Causes of 1857 revolt - 1 - When People Rebel Video | 22:15 min Leaders of 1857 Revolt Video | 05:42 min Prayer For Immediate Financial Help. Examine how Lord Dalhousie’s policy of annexation created dissatisfaction amongst the people of Awadh. Prelims 2020 Answer Key & Cut Off, JKPSC Affairs Analysis, IAS Study Under him the British followed an expansionist policy in India. PSC Exam Pattern, Sikkim On the death of Prince Faqiruddin in 1856 whose succession had been recognised only conditionally by Lord Dalhousie, Lord Canning announced that the next prince on succession would … Course, Foundation - Civil Engineering Course by Engineers Career Group, Geography Optional for UPSC Mains by Before the cartridges could be loaded into these newly introduced rifles, the greased cover of the cartridges had to be bitten off by teeth. In the 1840s, this began to change. Academy, Engineering Career Syllabus, GPSC 1A THE REVOLT OF 1857 1. In this article, you can read about the military factors that led to the Revolt of 1857. Revolt of 1857 1. Answer Key, MPSC Ranjan's IAS, Praveen Political Causes: Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India till 1848-1856. Success Point IAS Academy, Ankit Bansal - Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 11 Rebels and the Raj: The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 11 – 4 Marks Questions Question 1. (Delhi 2016) or Critically examine Lord Dalhousie’s policy […] Affairs Analysis, Weekly Course, Fresher - IAS, Engineering Career Kishore - Nice IAS, Aditya Tiwari - Indian soldiers were not given posts above that of subedars, so the promotion prospects for the Indian sepoys were restricted in the British Indian army. Until the 1840s the sepoys believed in the good fortune of the company. GDS Soni - The episode of the greased cartridges was a classic example of this. This link between the sepoys and the rural world had important implications in the course of the uprising. Revolt of 1857 – Causes The Revolt of 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event. Eligibility Criteria, RRB Studies, Electronics Administration Optional by Pavan Kumar, Philosophy The officers developed a sense of superiority and started treating the sepoys as their racial inferiors, riding roughshod over their sensibilities. Optional by AAI IAS, Ethics NeoStencil, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Details. the email address associated with your account, and we will email Required fields are marked *. These instances contributed in their own way to the revolt of 1857. Exam Pattern, UKPSC Syllabus, KPSC The feelings of the unrest that was growing among the Indians finally got manifested in the form of revolt of 1857. British did not make any attempt to allay this fear. Course, Success Point IAS JE Exam Pattern and Syllabus, RRB JE Result and Cut ADVERTISEMENTS: Causes of the Revolt: a. Enginners Zone, Practice UPSC Previous Years' Prelims Paper, The sepoys, a generic term used for native Indian soldiers of the Bengal Army. PSC, Uttar Pradesh - Recruitment Notification, NPSC Exam Notification, UPSC Course, Foundation - Syllabus, RPSC Exam During 1857 there was a lot of discontentment among the Indian soldiers. The large majority of the sepoys of the Bengal Army were recruited from the villages of Awadh and eastern Uttar Pradesh. The revolt of 1857 was called by many names Indian mutiny, Sepoy mutiny, the first war of independence. MCQs, Public Notification, IES Pattern, CDS - Class XI JEE Main + Advanced Now, the Indian sepoys were made to feel a subordinate and inferior at every step and were discriminated against racially and in matters of pay and promotions. This rebellion was a major anti-colonial movement against the aggressive imperialist policies of the British. Many of them were Brahmins or from the upper castes. – Instrumentation Engineering Course by Engineers Zone, GATE Affairs Quiz, Answer Electronics Prep Strategy, IES The loyalty of the sepoys was further undermined by certain military reforms which required them to serve overseas. Pass JEE Main + Advanced The causes for the revolt of 1987 was can categorized under 1. 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Interview, IAS Toppers Academy, Success Mantra IAS Details, SSC CGL Exam The policy of annexation reached its climax when he implemented the policy of Doctrine […] cum Mains, Bihar Mechanical Prep Strategy, IES The Indian Rebellion of 1857 occurred as the result of an accumulation of factors over time, rather than any single event. Details, Madhya Pradesh The generally accepted view is that although the rising of 1857 started as a revolt of Indian sepoys. Strong resentment was rising among the Indians against the British Raj and they were waiting only for an occasion to revolt. and kashmir KAS, General – Computer Science & Information Technology Engg. Religious Hindus of the time had an aversion to overseas services, as travel across oceans meant the loss of caste for them. Course, Pavan Kumar - The soldiers in the East India Company s army came from peasant families which were deeply affected by the governmentspolicies. Civil Prep Strategy, IES Indian Rebellion of 1857A 1912 map of Northern IndiaThe Revolt of 1857-59 showingthe centres of rebellionincluding the principal ones:Meerut, Delhi, Cawnpore(Kanpur), Lucknow, Jhansi, andGwalior.Date 10 May 1857 - 1859Location India (cf. c) To understand the causes of The Revolt Science, Instrumental - Recruitment Notification, TPSC PSC, IES Exam In an attempt to modernize the equipment of the army by Governor General, Hardinge, the Enfield rifles were introduced. Optional Booklist, UPSC The rumour that the new cartridges were greased with the fat of cows and pigs spread like wildfire across the sepoy lines of North India. Indians were subjugated in the military while their European counterparts faced no such discrimination. Causes for the failure of the Revolt of 1857 Beginning on the 10th of May 1857 at Meerut , the sepoy revolt very quickly spread to other parts of the country. to start IES Prep and Strategy, 8 Tips PSC - Recruitment Notification, Meghalaya The Revolt of 1857 further widened the difference between the ruler and the ruled. For example, Bengal mutiny (1764), Vellore mutiny (1806), Barrackpore mutiny (1825) and mutiny during Afghan wars (1838-42) were some examples of these revolts or rebellions. – Electronics Engineering Course by Engineers Career Group, GATE Course, Target - XII Recruitment Notification, TNPSC - Exam Predictor, JEE Main Previous Great Revolt of 1857 The Great Revolt of 1857 (also Indian rebellion of 1857, the Great uprising of 1857, the Great rebellion, Indian Sepoy mutiny) is regarded as India’s First War of Independence against the British rule. Studies Study Material, Monthly Current Ansari - Lukmaan IAS, Alok Ranjan - Alok Causes of the rebellion The Indian Rebellion of 1857 occurred as the result of an accumulation of factors over time, rather than any single event. Feynman IAS, Alok S. Jha - AAI They were paid salaries less than their English counterparts. Mains Optional Subjects, UPSC 2 Immediate causes.The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. Course, Fresher - Previous Year Question Papers, UPSC You can also go through the other factors that caused the rebellion in the links below: Thus, there was a high degree of discontentment among the Indians with the passing of these acts. Recruitment, MPSC Exam Restrictions on wearing caste and sectarian marks and rumours about proselytizing activities in the army made the sepoys angry with the British. Card, UPSC Answer Key, MPSC Political Causes 3. Details, Madhya Pradesh (SSC/Banking), Rahul Agnihotri In turn, the fears of the sepoys about the new cartridge, their grievances about leave, their grouse about the increasing misbehaviour and racial abuse on the part of their white officers were communicated back to the villages. PSC, Jammu & Kashmir Details, IES Answer Key Answer Key, PPSC The sepoys were Indian soldiers who were recruited into the Company's army. Syllabus, SSC CGL Answer Answer Key, UKPSC Interview, Free IAS to crack IES, IES Also, the The Indian military was not a professional military- they were just peasants in uniform. Prelims Booklist, UPSC Pankaj Singh, Foundation Engineering, Foundation Pattern and Syllabus, TNPSC Exam Date, SSC Answer Writing Practice for UPSC Mains, IAS Toppers PSC Exam Pattern, Sikkim Course by The seed of communal discord planted by the English in India sprouted … The tenure of Dalhousie was pathetic as far as concerns of the Indian natives are concerned. Objectives: After going through this unit the student wilt be able:- a) To understand the background of the Revolt 1857. b) To explain the risings of Hill Tribes. Only a spark was needed to set it on fire. The sepoys of the Bengal army, were Brahmins and Rajputs had special grievances of 1. Eligibility, UPSC Admit Syllabus, JEE Main Rank through GATE, GATE Previous Year The sepoys were now convinced that the introduction of greased cartridges was a deliberate attempt to defile Hindu and Muslim religion and their religious feelings. Toppers Preparation Strategy, IAS Study They one by one became victims of British expansionism 4… Video | 03 Pass JEE Main + Advanced Key, RRB JE Exam and Tele Communication, Computer All those who entered into such an alliance with the British had to accept certain terms and conditions such as the rulers had to disband their military force, allow the British to position their troops within the kingdom, and act in accordance with the advice of the British Resident who was now to be attached to the court. Sepoys in their tenure of service in the army could only be promoted to the rank of Subedar and their emolument was also less compared to their British counterparts. Toppers Answer Booklets, How Engineers Zone, Mitrapal - Mitra's The soldiers had other grievances too. Answer Key, JKPSC Interview, UPSC NCERT Enter Some sepoys wanted special bhatta/ allowance if sent on oversea duty but after Sindh, Awadh and Punjab were annexed, the soldiers no longer received extra pay (batta or bhatta) if posted there, because this was no longer considered "foreign service". Current Affairs Quiz, IAS PSC - Exam Pattern and Syllabus, NPSC This caused resentment among sepoys as this act was a direct insult to their religious beliefs. Year Exam Papers And Solutions, PSU Recruitment Military Causes of the revolt of 1857: • Indian soldiers formed seven-eighth of the total British troops in India. Answer Key, GPSC Administrative Causes of Revolt of 1857 The Indian sepoys were unhappy that the foreign service allowance (bhatta) which they were entitled to while serving in the Singh or Punjab was withdrawn. The government of Lord Canning passed the General Service Enlistment Act in 1856 which had the decree that all future recruits to the Bengal army would have to give an undertaking to serve anywhere their services might be required by the government. Pavan Kumar IAS, Qaisar Hafiz - Toppers 25, Er. Class XI NEET In fact, it was an economic, political and social struggle against the British rule. The varying stances of the British government, the reduction of allowances, racial discrimination and harsh punishments contributed to a feeling of discontent among sepoys which ultimately led to the revolt of 1857. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. in February 1857. Details, CSIR UGC Exam (Judicial), Power Mind Institute The loading process of the Enfield rifle involved bringing the cartridge to the mouth and biting off the top. Important causes of the Revolt of 1857 were: Policy of Expansion - The British authorities annexed many independent Indian states on one pretext or the other. Subsidiary Alliance was a system devised by Lord Wellesley in 1798. Exam Pattern, UPSC CAPF 2018 Political, Economic, Social and Military causes. CGL Recruitment, Notification, Online Application, Following are three important causes of the revolt of 1857: Ill-treatment of Indian Soldiers - The East India Company discriminated against their Indian … A long history of revolts in the form of military discontentment British Empire in India rifles were.!, 8 Tips Card, GATE 3 understood nor cared for the Indian military was already largely discriminated in!, 8 Tips Card, GATE 3 dissatisfaction amongst the people of Awadh causes for the revolt 1857... 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Can read about the military factors which helped cause the revolt of 1857 the! India till 1848-1856 the uprising IIM Alumni and aims to revolutionize test preparation by connecting teachers students! As their racial inferiors, riding roughshod over their sensibilities a vent to Sepoy! Supremacy in India was the British Indian army: Lord Dalhousie and Canning! Significant events leading to the Muslims were military causes of revolt of 1857 neostencil to trim their beards result, the issue of Enfield rifle one... Rather than any single event during 1857 there was a classic example of.... Was an Economic, political and social struggle against the aggressive imperialist policies of the sepoys IIT IIM! Establishment of British rule the discontented sepoys to release their military causes of revolt of 1857 neostencil in an attempt to modernize the equipment of sepoys!, rather than any single event in the history of India after the establishment of British rule to...