In 1764 a section of the sepoys demanded greater rewards in the campaign against Mir Kasim. As mutineers were captured, they were often killed on the spot, and many were executed in dramatic fashion. Fig. Under the British rule, there was a severe deterioration of the condition of Indian agriculture. The military causes of Sepoy Mutiny primarily led to the outbreak of the 1857 revolt. Military causes included the major discontent among the Indian soldiers and a feeling of discrimination which they felt from the English soldiers. British officers treated Sepoys very harshly. When soldiers of the Bengal army mutinied in Meerut on May 10, 1857, tension had been growing for some time. 11.5 : It is Henry Hardinge. It is also given names as Indian Rebellion, Indian Mutiny as well as Indian Revolt. CAUSES OF REVOLT Following were the causes of the great revolt of 1857 (a) Political Causes: The English Company´s policy of ´effective control´ and gradual extinction of the Indian Native States was facilitated by the subsidiary alliance system that culminated with the ´Doctrine of Lapse´ of Dalhousie. Economic causes were among the major causes of this rebellion. The strength of Indian Sepoys was 233,000 where as the British troops numbered 45,000. The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. These are the various causes resulted in the revolt of 1857. Social 4. Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. A powerful and popular revolt broke out in Northern and Central India in 1857. Military Causes of Sepoy Mutiny were considered the primary causes for the outbreak of the revolt. Explain the military causes which led to the revolt of 1857. Immediate causes. Every new recruit had to serve overseas. The causes for the revolt of 1987 was can categorized under 1. unequal law and punishments for Indian and foreign soldiers.captured soldiers.land laws.tax on farming The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. Ill-treatment of Indian Soldiers - The East India Company discriminated against their Indian sepoys. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes. Political cause: Nana sahib was refused pension as he was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. Causes of the Revolt of 1857. After the abolition of the East India Company the administration of India was taken over directly by the Crown-in -Parliament. This caused acute discontentment within the Bengal army. 11.6 : This picture point out the outwardly good position of the zamindars. 1. Revolt of 1857 was a happened due to following reasons. There were many political, military, religious, social and economic causes of the Indian rebellion of 1857. As the land levies were a major source of revenue for the British, they tried to make maximum out of it. Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded soldiers an… The causes of the Great Revolt of 1857 included Indian unhappiness with ____ Indians were rules directly by British gov't & they mixed with them less. But British changed the entire structure of our economy and introduced the concept of revenue and … Question 3: The Revolt of 1857 can be attributed to many causes. General service enlistment act. This policy became one of the causes of the Revolt of 1857. An Indian sepoy was … 3. for different reasons. The policies and laws introduced by the Company created discontentment among the rulers, landlords, peasants, tribals and sepoys and all wanted an end to … The immediate cause of military disaffection was the deployment of the new breech-loading Enfield rifle, the cartridge of which was purportedly greased with pork and beef fat. Avadh was annexed in … • The Indian sepoys were looked upon as inferior beings and treated with contempt by their British officers. After the Great Revolt of 1857… Military and 6. The mutiny and great revolt of 1857–59. The imperialist policy of the East India Company was an important factor. There were several instances of discontented sepoys refusing to take orders from their superiors. They imposed exorbitant rates of land revenue on poor farmers causing their impoverishment. The War of Independence is an important landmark in the history of Sub-Continent. Causes of the Revolt of 1857. … The Revolt of 1857, also known as The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was caused by various factors which were political, social, economic and military in nature. It was the Revolt of 1857 that brought to the military defects of the East India Company, which were at once eradicated. Salaries were low. Fighting in some places continued well into 1858, but the British were ultimately able to establish control. Military Causes: The Revolt of 1857 started as a sepoy mutiny. Economic Causes 2. Hence, t… Military cause. Many of the innovations were introduced by Lord Dalhousie. In those times, crossing of the sea was in violation of the religious sentiments of many Indians. It was the grievances of the Sepoys that ultimately became the root cause of the 1857 revolt. Indian sepoys formed more than 87% of British troops in India. Land levies left no savings with the cultivators so they were not able to invest in the advancement of agriculture. the revolt of 1857 was started by Indian soldiers at Meerut on 10 may,1857.the causes of the revolt were a) All sections of India were unhappy with the British rule. But soon it became widespread and involved the masses. The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. Causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Thus any change in the agrarian setup was felt by them. Military Causes of the revolt of 1857: • Indian soldiers formed seven-eighth of the total British troops in India. ANNEXATION OF AWADH; About 3/4 th of the company’s sepoys were recruited from Awadh and most of them were simply peasants in uniform. unequal pay. The Indian Sepoys were also encouraged by their numerical strength. This hurt all sections of society. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s First War of Independence against the British. 1857 revolt was not only a outcome of religious interference but it was a last nail in the coffin. Political Causes 3. Causes of Revolt of 1857 The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and … The soldiers of the Bengal army had started the mutiny on May 10th 1857 in Meerut. He was military reformer but his introduction of Enfield rifles and use of greased cartridges in them became the immediate cause of mutiny in 1857. As they were an integral part of the Indian society, they too suffered the consequences of the oppressive British rule. Discrimination of black and white. It began with a mutiny of sepoys (who were the Indian soldiers of the Company’s army). Thus, for the British the Revolt of 1857 was an important incident. They failed to suppress the talks about the greased cartridges and the Hindu Muslim fellowship had gotten deeper and started the way for the revolt through sepoy mutiny. The Sepoy mutiny of 1857, popularly known as the Revolt of 1857 was the first major attempt at overthrow of the British rule from India led by disgruntled sepoys or army jawans and later joined by various sections of the society like princes, zamindars, peasants, etc. People felt that the British policies were exploiting India as a country economically. A group of historians and writers has asserted that the Revolt was the result of a widespread and well-organized conspiracy. Economic Causes: The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Fig. 4. This was very much foreseen as the British could not act on the military problems. The kingdoms of Sitara, Nagpur, Sambhalpur, Baghat, Udaipur, and Jhansi were from those that became the victims of this policy. Fig. Economic and Military Causes of Revolt of 1857 Before the arrival of British, Indian village economy was self sufficient and farmers were happy in traditional way of cultivation. Hector Munro suppressed it with brutal efficiency. This affected all the sectors of the Indian society. This War was fought in 1857 by Indians against the British in order to get rid of their domination. The company also did not spend the revenues of the land for the benefit of the land and its people. A mutiny in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle February,1857. 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