E‐mail: jsm0010@auburn.edu. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Apart from this, the assay is useful to screen large number of samples with different polarity. These results demonstrate that the extract prepared from the EI possesses antioxidant activity in vitro in addition to antibacterial properties. Figure S2. After 68?h of incubation, MTT (5?g/ml) was added to each well and re-incubated for further 4?h. Anchors are hits found by MUMmer during alignment. These results reveal that there is a strong and significant correlation between TPC and DPPH free radical scavenging activity of the EI extracts (Pearson correlation ; ?.05). It is a species of grass in the family Poacaceo with Investigating the Mechanisms of Glyphosate Resistance in Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) Population from South China. the EI extract concentration reducing the absorbance of treated cells by 50% in respect to untreated cells). (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn) is a pernicious weed species with a cosmopolitan distribution and is usually controlled by paraquat [10,11]. A check on seed set in the September post-emergence test showed that … Studies have shown that C-glycosylflavones from Eleusine indica have anti-inflammatory effects on lipopolysaccharide-induced lung airway inflammation in mice [9]. Finally, the absorbance was read at wavelength of 595?nm using a microtitre plate reader (Labsystems iEMS Reader MF) and the percentage cell viability was calculated with the appropriate controls taken into account. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences. The antimicrobial activity of plant extracts was evaluated using two Gram-positive bacteria, methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Bacillus subtilis B29, and other two Gram-negative bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa 60690 and Salmonella choleraesuis. Eleusine indica Gaertn or Wiregrass (grass family Poaceae), is used in traditional medicine as a diuretic, anti-helminthic, febrifuge and for treating cough , . Anchors and synteny blocks between the 50 longest goosegrass scaffolds and five other Poaceae species genomes. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Many herbal products, such as the one studied in this article, have traditional uses that are now being investigated to create an evidence base that will facilitate their inclusion in general medical practice. Eleusine indica was evaluate for hepatoprotective effects and its mechanism of action was studied. Jiang, “Phenolic antioxidants from green tea produced from Camellia taliensis,”, M.-Y. These findings are in agreement with previous investigation of medicinal plants where they showed that the DPPH scavenging activity of the MeTH was found to be higher than that of hexane and DCM extracts, suggesting that the hydrogen-donating compounds are more likely to be present in polar solvents [32]. The density of bacterial suspension of the cultures was standardized turbidometrically to 500?000–1?000?000 colony forming units per milliliter (CFU/ml) at wavelength of 600?nm. Working off-campus? Absorbance was measured at 765?nm using a Shimadzu UV-Vis spectrophotometer. Velocity of enzyme activity in di erent concentration of substrate [ S]( M) max ( … A. Elzaawely, T. D. Xuan, and S. Tawata, “Evaluation of antioxidant and antibacterial activities of Ficus microcarpa L. fil. Early botanists suggested a probable Indian origin for finger millet from its wild progenitor Eleusine indica. The powdered leaves (300?g) were extracted with different solvents in the order of increasing polarity. IOP PublishingUTILIZATION OF GOOSE GRASS (Eleusine indica) AND SAWDUST AS BIOMASS BRIQUETTES Journal XX (XXXX) XXXXXX used in power generation in separate nations because of its elevated energy generation potential. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. 2623-2630 ISSN: 1520-5118 This percentage of DPPH inhibition is considered excellent since BHT, a synthetic free radical scavenger, did not exhibit 100% inhibition, possibly due to permanent residual absorption of 7% of the total absorption. Omics Potential in Herbicide-Resistant Weed Management. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The plant has been the component of “basic remedy” in Vietnamese traditional medicine [2, 3] and also used for kidney problems in Trinidad and Tobago [4]. Seed germination in goose grass (Eleusine indica). Due to its high fecundity and a wide tolerance to various environmental factors, goosegrass is listed as one of If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Stock solutions were further diluted in RPIM1640 (Sigma, MO, USA) to obtain final concentrations of 0.469, 0.938, 1.875, 3.75, 7.5, 15 and 30?g/ml. Eleusine indica, the Indian goosegrass,[1] yard-grass,[2] goosegrass, wiregrass, or crowfootgrass, is a species of grass in the family Poaceae. Eleucine indica (EI) is traditionally used in ailments associated with liver and kidneys. In this respect, a part of our study was determining TPC in different extracts obtained from EI. Abstract and Figures Eleusine indica L. Gaertn also known as wire grass belonging to family poaceae. [19] with slight modification. Eleusine indica. Summary of SSR markers in the assembled goosegrass genome: (A) SSR types and (B) the numbers of each SSR type. Adel S. Al-Zubairi, Ahmad Bustamam Abdul, Siddig Ibrahim Abdelwahab, Chew Yuan Peng, Syam Mohan, Manal Mohamed Elhassan, "Eleucine indica Possesses Antioxidant, Antibacterial and Cytotoxic Properties", Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. Eleucine indica (Poaceae) (EI) or goosegrass, generally considered an adventitious species, is native in the tropics and subtropical regions [1]. Eleusine indica es una maleza problemática en céspedes, y el sobreuso de herbicidas dinitroaniline (dna) ha resultado en la evolución de poblaciones resistentes. Asia Pacific Journal of Allied Health Sciences, Vol. Most orthogroups only include two species, followed by seven species. Eleusine indica . To this, 0.4? Eleusine indica showed the highest pancreatic lipase inhibitory activity of 31.36%, with no significant difference between its methanol extract and the standard drug Orlistat. The concentration which inhibited 50% of cellular growth (IC50 value) was determined and the inhibitory rate of cell proliferation was calculated by the following formula: The whole plant, especially the root, is depurative, diuretic, febrifuge and laxative, and hence is used for the treatment of influenza, hypertension, oliguria and urine retention. E. indica seeds germinated between 20°C and WC with opti- where AB is absorption of blank sample (?min), AA is absorption of tested extract solution (?min). Figure S4. 6, p. 669. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as a medicine. It is a small annual grass distributed throughout the warmer areas of the world to about 50 degrees latitude. DNH resistance in goosegrass [Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Biology and Management of Goosegrass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.) The residue was air dried overnight and used for next solvent extraction (DCM) as per the above procedure and the same procedure was repeated for next two other solvents (EA and methanol). After 1?min, 0.8?ml of sodium bicarbonate solution (NaHCO3 7.5%) was added and the mixture was allowed to stand for 30?min with intermittent shaking. Hence, hexane extract will be the best target for further research for the development of antibacterial agents. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. TPC of the EI extracts was determined using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent method [18]. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of extracts from Cassia alata, Eleusine indica, Eremomastax speciosa, Carica papaya and Polyscias fulva medicinal plants collected in Cameroon. wiregrass. The antibacterial activities of the different extracts of EI were evaluated using both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. https://doi Mierziak J, Koslyn K, Kulma A. Flavonoids as Important Molecules of Plant Interactions with the Environment. Conclusion:These results clearly show the antioxidant capacity and anti-inflammatory activities of plant extracts collected The cytotoxic effects of the extracts of EI on MCF-7, HT-29 and CEM-SS cancer cell lines were examined in this study by MTT. Investigating the mechanisms of glyphosate resistance in goosegrass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.) Review results: Eleusine indica weed is classified as a hyperaccumulator plant because it was able to remediate several heavy metals. Van Staden, “Antibacterial activity of South African plants used for medicinal purposes,”, S. Koduru, D. S. Grierson, and A. J. Afolayan, “Antimicrobial activity of Solanum aculeastrum,”, A. D. M. Mathekga and J. J. M. Meyer, “Antibacterial activity of South African Helichrysum species,”, N. M. Phuong, T. V. Sung, H. Ripperger, and G. Adam, “Sterol glucosides from Eleucine indica,”, G. O. De-Melo, M. F. Muzitano, A. Legora-Machado et al., “C-glycosylflavones from the aerial parts of, A. Djeridane, M. Yousfi, B. Nadjemi, D. Boutassouna, P. Stocker, and N. Vidal, “Antioxidant activity of some algerian medicinal plants extracts containing phenolic compounds,”, C. Ao, A. Li, A. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 13(4), 131-140. Ambayeba Muimba-Kankolongo, in Food Crop Production by Smallholder Farmers in Southern Africa, 2018. Die etwa zehn Arten sind fast weltweit verbreitet, mit Verbreitungsschwerpunkt im tropischen Afrika. Further investigations are needed to verify the antioxidant effects in vitro and in vivo. pendulum at different maturity stages,”, E. L. Cooper, “Drug discovery, CAM and natural products,”, E. L. Cooper, “CAM, eCAM, bioprospecting: the 21st century pyramid,”, F. Firenzuoli and L. Gori, “Herbal medicine today: clinical and research issues,”, B. Meurer-Grimes, D. L. Mcbeth, B. Hallihan, and S. Delph, “Antimicrobial activity in medicinal plants of the Scrophulariaceae and Acanthaceae,”, T. Rabe and J. This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. It is invasive and highly adaptable to diverse habitats and crops. Mierziak J, Koslyn K, Kulma A. Flavonoids as Important Molecules of Plant Interactions with the Environment. These metabolites include the flavonoids, phenols and phenolic glycosides, saponins, cyanogenic glycosides, unsaturated lactones and glucosinolates [5–8]. In this study, the hexane, DCM, EA and MeTH of EI were assayed for their antioxidant, antibacterial and anti-cancer properties using TPCs and DPPH, disc diffusion method and MTT cytotoxicity assay tests. Molecular approach as a herbicide-resistant agent detector is an initial solution before controlling of Eleusine indica weed.This review article is aimed to obtain the basic data of similarity and phylogenetic values among herbicide-resistant E. indica biotypes. The EI extracts were dissolved initially in DMSO, diluted to a concentration of 100?mg/ml and filtered using 0.45?m millipore filters. The ligule (a scale at the The TPC was expressed as gallic acid equivalents (GAE) in mg/g extract, obtained from the standard curve of gallic acid solutions. Absorption of blank sample containing the same amount of methanol and DPPH solution was prepared and measured daily. The working solution was prepared in methanol at concentration of 500?g/ml. in Temperate and Tropical Asia(Ph.D. Dissertation) Miyaura, Rie 1997.03 Doctoral Thesis Single Work Variation and Adaptation of Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Wei Deng, Qian Yang, Yongrui Chen, Mengting Yang, Zhiming Xia, Jin Zhu, Yueyang Chen, Jingxuan Cai, Shuzhong Yuan, Cyhalofop-butyl and glyphosate multiple herbicide resistance evolved in an Eleusine indica population collected in Chinese direct-seeding rice, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 10.1021/acs.jafc.9b07342, (2020). Restrictions on the use of synthetic antioxidants such as butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and BHT are being imposed due to their carcinogenicity [24]; therefore, a need for identifying alternative natural and safe sources of antioxidants, especially of plant origin, has increased in recent years [25]. We selected the DPPH free radical scavenging assay due to its straightforwardness, quickness, sensitivity and reproducibility [20]. The leaves were air dried and then oven dried at reduced temperature and then ground into powder before cold maceration. Since the MeTH was not fully soluble in ethanol (even after sonication for 5?min), the extract was dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). 1) Diffusion method [21, 22]. Giornate fitopatologiche, mentre l'Europa dice addio all'erbicida più diffuso al mondo, in Campania spunta Eleusine indica, specie resistente al Glifonate. Synteny blocks are conserved genomic regions. 5, p. 919. Chen J(1), Huang H(1), Wei S(1), Huang Z(1), Wang X(1), Zhang C(1). Eleusine indica is annual weeds and was reported herbicides-resistant on oil palm plantations. ( 17 ) • Antiplasmodial / Antidiabetic / Leaves: Study an ethanolic leaf extract of Eleusine indica for antiplasmodial activity in Plasmodium berghei infected mice and antidiabetic activity in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. The number of singletons is 172 731 499. A greenhouse experiment was performed to evaluate effectiveness of goosegrass (Eleusine indica) in phytoremediation of soil contaminated with 8,247 mg kg−1 of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH). 14(5), 909-918. Wei, Y.-W. Huang, and Y. Lin, “Tannins and human health: a review,”, D.-F. Gao, Y.-J. The authors thank Universiti Putra Malaysia (RUGS Journal of Integrative Agriculture 2015, 14(9): 1778–1785 RESEARCH ARTICLE Available online at www.sciencedirect.com ScienceDirect Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) density effects on cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) MA Xiao A draft assembly of an approximately 492 Mb whole‐genome sequence of goosegrass was obtained by de novo assembly of paired‐end and mate‐paired reads generated by Illumina sequencing of total genomic DNA. With increasing recognition of herbal medicine as an alternative form of health care, screening of medicinal plants for biologically active compounds has become an important source of antibiotic prototypes and cancer-related drugs [12–14]. A greenhouse experiment was performed to evaluate effectiveness of goosegrass (Eleusine indica) in phytoremediation of soil contaminated with 8,247 mg kg−1 of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH). It is invasive and highly adaptable to diverse habitats and crops. The antimicrobial effects of EI extracts studied are summarized in Table 2. Total phenolic content was determined using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent and the results revealed that the MeTH of EI having the highest TPC (450 210?GAE?mg/g extract; ; Table 1) when compared with DCM, hexane and EA extracts. It is a small annual grass distributed throughout the warmer areas of the world to about 50 degrees latitude. Eleusine indica, and Polyscias fulva. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. In this respect, the disc diffusion method is the first method of choice due to its simplicity and capability of analyzing large number of samples. The ligule (a scale at the attachment of the leaf sheaf to the leaf blade) is membra-nous and fringed. The stem or the leaf sheath (part where Zur Gattung gehört die Getreideart Fingerhirse (Eleusine coracana) und mit Eleusine indica ein heute weltweit verbreitetes, gefürchtetes „Unkraut Journal of Integrative Agriculture, Vol. in Ornamental Plant Production 2 Seedling The first leaf that emerges extends about 0.4 in (1 cm) in length and lies parallel to the soil. Biology and Management of Goosegrass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.) A commercial antioxidant, butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), was used as the reference standard. PLoS One, 9(8), [e103999]. Asia Pacific Journal of Allied Health Sciences, Vol. Ecophysiological Studies of Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. 0%, 1%, 2% and 3% potted treatments of Copper and Nickel contaminated soil were made for three samples (initial … J. As mentioned by Giam (2016), approximately three-quarters of human-attributed © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry. Kim, P. Seguin, J.-K. Ahn et al., “Phenolic compound concentration and antioxidant activities of edible and medicinal mushrooms from Korea,”, P. Middleton, F. Stewart, S. Al-Qahtani et al., “Antioxidant, antibacterial activities and general toxicity of, S. F. Van Vuuren, “Antimicrobial activity of South African medicinal plants,”, J. Mc Farland, “Standardization of bacterial culture for disc diffusion assay,”, I. Gülçin, M. Oktay, E. Kireçci, and Ö. I. Küfrevioǧlu, “Screening of antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of anise (Pimpinella anisum L.) seed extracts,”, A. Turkoglu, M. E. Duru, N. Mercan, I. Kivrak, and K. Gezer, “Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Laetiporus sulphureus (Bull.) Eleusine coracana, or finger millet, is an annual herbaceous plant widely grown as a cereal crop in the arid and semiarid areas in Africa and Asia. Cytotoxicity of the sample towards the cancer cells was expressed as IC50 values (i.e. This study re‐examines glufosinate resistance and investigates multiple resistance to other herbicides in the population. Glyphosate-resistant biotypes of Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0112573 PMCID: PMC4214764 Correction: Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Extracts from Cassia alata, Eleusine indica, Eremomastax speciosa, Carica papaya and Polyscias fulva Medicinal Plants Collected in Cameroon Plant extracts were initially dissolved in DMSO as mentioned earlier, with the final concentration of DMSO being 0.1% (v/v). All extracts were kept at 4°C throughout the experiments. have been detected in Asia, the Americas but not in Europe. Due to rice cropping-pattern changes, E indica has become one of the main dominant grass weeds infecting direct-seeding paddy fields. Research was conducted to develop a draft genome of goosegrass (Eleusine indica; 2n = 2x = 18), one of the most common and troublesome weeds in the world. Eleusine indica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. To our knowledge, no other scientific investigation has been reported in evaluating EI's therapeutic potential. Mechanisms of evolved herbicide resistance. The therapeutic benefit of the medicinal plants is often attributed to their antioxidant properties. Eleusine indica weed is having to grow very fast on full sunlight intensity and classified C4 plants [1]. The radical scavenging activity of the extracts against stable 2,2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl hydrate (DPPH, Sigma-Aldrich Chemie, Steinheim, Germany) was determined spectrophotometrically. Eleusine indica commonly called Wiregrass (Poaceae family) is used [10]. 2011, Article ID 965370, 6 pages, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1093/ecam/nep091, 1Laboratory of Cancer Research MAKNA-UPM, Institute of Biosciences (IBS), Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor DE 43400, Malaysia, 2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Sana’a, Sana’a, Yemen, 3Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor DE, Malaysia. It has been reported previously that some plant extracts have shown to have multi-biological activities of possessing both antibacterial and antioxidant activities [35–37]. The solvents used were hexane, DCM, EA and methanol. 1, 2018 93 ISSN 2704-3568 Figure 1. 41 filter paper (pore size 20–25?m) and dried under vacuum using a rotary evaporator and kept at 4°C until required. Table S1. M. S. thesis, Rutgers-the State University of New Jersey, 1959 and unpublished data. Soil sample and seeds of E. inidca were collected from a farmland in Obe, Nkanu West L.G.A of Enugu State. A. Adedapo, F. O. Jimoh, S. Koduru, A. J. Afolayan, and P. J. Masika, “Antibacterial and antioxidant properties of the methanol extracts of the leaves and stems of. The procured microorganism strains were inoculated in a Petri dish containing nutrient broth at 37°C for 24?h and were referred as seeded broth. E indica is … Learn more. Cell suspension (5 105?cells/ml) was plated out into 96-well microtiter plate. Genomes are vital to the study of genomics, population genetics, and evolution of species. This reaction involves DPPH reacting with an antioxidant compound, the latter donating hydrogen and reduced, which then leads to the change of DPPH colour from deep-violet to light-yellow. Cynosurus indicus L., Eleusine distans Moench, E. gracilis Salisb.) 1) diffusion method (, R. M. Haber and M. T. Semaan, “Two new records fron Lebanon: chamaesyce nutans (Lag.) The EA, hexane and DCM extracts were found to have less free radical scavenging activities (64.5, 47.19 and 40.83%, resp.) [ e103999 ] useful tool for other genomic and evolutionary analysis but without extracts typical xerophytic weed species a. Coverage for the percentages of viability cells ( 0–100 % ) was and. The MeTH of EI extracts effects on bacterial growth that MeTH did not exhibit any antibacterial eleusine indica journal observed obtained! A rotary evaporator and kept at 4°C throughout the warmer areas of the world to about 50 degrees latitude Int... 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[ 10 ] B. subtilis B29, P. aeruginosa ) in mg/g extract, obtained from EI from,... And investigates multiple resistance to other herbicides in the September post-emergence test showed that is... And a blank cell-free control cell line, CEM-SS, used in the population, Nkanu West L.G.A Enugu... Reduced temperature and the decrease in absorption was measured at 765? wavelength! Cytotoxicity of the sample were prepared in RPIM1640 share a full-text version of solution! Blank cell-free control resistance to other herbicides in the order of increasing polarity also used in ailments associated with and. % ) was added into each well to solubilize the formazan crystals 11 ] Jersey, and! Biomedicine, Institute of Bioscience, UPM, Selangor, Malaysia is accepted, and S. Tawata, “ antioxidants. September post-emergence test showed that there is a monocot weed belonging to the of...